More than 100,000 people living in 52 villages across the Kyrgyz Republic are expected to benefit from improved access to quality water and sanitation services, due to a World Bank mixture of loans and grants totalling US$36 million. In the 52 participating villages, existing water supply infrastructure will be rehabilitated, or replaced, and distribution coverage will be expanded. The new project will also revamp existing sanitary facilities in 50 selected schools, kindergartens and health clinics. The project will pilot the introduction of results-based incentive grants for households to upgrade their sanitation facilities to a hygienic level. The incentives scheme is expected to benefit up to 5,000 households. The new project expands access to piped metered water services to each individual household, eliminating the practice of shared public standpipes.